London Sights


Главная London

Facts about London

London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is made up of two ancient cities which are now joined together. They are:

  • the City of London which is the business and financial heart of the United Kingdom. It is also known as the Square Mile (2.59 sq km/1 sq mi). It was the original Roman settlement (ancient Londinium), making it the oldest part of London and already 1,000 years old when the Tower of London was built;
  • the City of Westminster, where Parliament and most of the government offices are located. Also Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of the Queen and the Royal family are located there too.

Together they all make up a region known as Greater London.

London is the biggest city in Britain and in Europe.

London occupies over 620 square miles.

London has a population of 7,825,200 (2010).

About 12 per cent of Britain’s overall population lives in London.

London has the highest population density in Britain, with 4,699 people per square kilometer.

London is in the southeast of England.

London is the seat of central government in Britain.

The tallest building in London is the Canary Wharf Tower.

London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, known as the Tube.

Famous London’s double-decker


London is the place of tourists’ attraction. Grand ancient historical monuments and places which commemorate people of glorious history of the UK live there alongside beautiful modern constructions (the London Eye, the Gherkin, City Hall, etc.).


London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich (in which the Royal Observatory marks the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) and GMT).


Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and Wembley Stadium. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Modern, British Library, Wimbledon and 40 theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world and the second-most extensive (after the Shanghai Metro).